Two species of the plant family Fabaceae (Leguminosae), Astragalus epiglottis L. and Medicago monantha (C.A. Mey.) Trautv. are described, which have not been reported earlier from the United Arab Emirates. During floristic surveys of the country A. epiglottis was found growing on sandy soils of Dubai emirate, while M. monantha was observed in the mountainous region of the emirate of Fujairah. It is also the first time that A. epiglottis has been reported from the Arabian Peninsula.