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Salicornia bigelovii: a versatile crop for the seawater agriculture

More than 97% water found on earth is saline in nature which cannot be used in agriculture.‎ The amount of fresh water available for agriculture is limited and it is getting scarcer as the demand for food rises with the increase in population of the world.‎ To meet the ever increasing need of agriculture products such crops have to be found that can be irrigated with saline or seawater.‎ Salicornia bigelovii , a halophyte (salt-loving plant), may prove to be a strong candidate for such exigencies.‎ It has a great potential to be a part of both human and animal diet and it can also be used in the production of bio-fuel.‎

The genus Salicornia belongs to family Chenopodiaceae and subfamily Salicornioideae which includes some of the most salt-tolerant terrestrial plants that grow in coastal marshes and on seashore.‎ One of its species, Salicornia bigelovii, can even be grown in hyper-saline drainage water.‎ Arguably it is considered to be the most salt-tolerant vascular plant in the world.‎ S.‎ bigelovii is an annual plant, with erect, succulent, photosynthetic stems.‎ Its jointed spikes are terminal on each stem.‎ Its flowers are bisexual, consisting of merged sepals that encircle the stigma and stamens.‎ Pollination occurs through wind.‎ It has small thin seeds which are brown in color.‎ The species is found in coastal areas of Mexico and the United States of America.‎

Authors: 
Mohammad Shahid, N.K.‎ Rao
Year: 
۲۰۱۱
Publication type: 
Research Article
Publication Source: 
Biosalinity News
Volume/Chapter/Issue: 
۱۲
Page Number: 
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