أنت هنا

Barley: A salt tolerant cereal crop

Barley (Hordeum vulgare L.‎) is the fourth most important cereal crop after wheat, rice and maize.‎ It is believed to be the first cereal crop that was domesticated by humans nearly 10,500 years ago in the Middle East.‎ It is one of the most salt tolerant major crops and is highly adaptable to varied growing conditions and consequently planted in a wide range of areas including the marginal lands.‎ The barley crop has a short growing season and is relatively drought-tolerant.‎ The major use of barley grain (60 percent) is as feed for different domestic animals including poultry, sheep, cattle and camels.‎ A sizeable amount of barley grain is used for malting, for which it is most suited.‎ Barley malt provides the raw material for the industries engaged in brewing and distilling.‎ Both alcoholic and non-alcoholic beverages are produced from the malt.‎ The rest of barley grain is consumed as food in different forms like soups, stews and bread.‎ Barley is being promoted as health food for its high contents of beta glucans, which help in lowering blood cholesterol.‎ The use of the whole grain regulates blood sugar for up to 10 hours, which makes it even healthier than wheat.‎

Authors: 
Shahid, M.‎, Jaradat, A.A.‎
Year: 
۲۰۱۳
Publication type: 
Scientific Paper
Publication Source: 
Biosalinity News
Volume/Chapter/Issue: 
۱٤
Page Number: 
۳-٤