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Use of marginal water for Salicornia bigelovii Torr.‎ Planting in the United Arab Emirates

Freshwater resources are not enough to meet the ever increasing demand of the agriculture sector to feed the growing population.‎ Owing to this reason, agriculture scientists are exploring different ways to use saline water as an alternative source for crops.‎ Samphire ( Salicornia bigelovii Torr.‎) is one of the best candidates for such plants that can be grown using seawater.‎ It has high culinary value and can be consumed either cooked or raw.‎ The plant can also be used as feed for different domestic animals.‎ Since its seed contains high-quality unsaturated oil (30%)‎ and proteins (40%)‎, it can be used to make biodiesel and as animal feed.‎ At the Dubaibased International Center for Biosaline Agriculture (ICBA), a fi eld experiment was conducted using fi ve different lines of Salicornia bigelovii irrigated with seawater.‎ In general, all of the Salicornia lines grew well and gave good results.‎ To evaluate their performance, data were recorded on 50 individual plants from each line at maturity.‎ Data on 12 different morphological characteristics of spikes and plants were collected.‎ The range for plant height varies from 49.‎2 to 63.‎0 cm.‎ Minimum of 65.‎8 g and maximum of 91.‎8 g plant dry weight were recorded.‎ The lowest seed weight per plant was 6.‎39 g, and the highest was 9.‎17 g.‎ The results indicate that highly valuable Salicornia can be grown successfully in arid regions using seawater for irrigation.‎

Authors: 
Shahid, M.‎, Jaradat, A.‎ A.‎, Rao, N.‎ K
Year: 
۲۰۱۳
Publication type: 
Scientific Paper
Publication Source: 
Developments in soil salinity assessment and reclamation
Volume/Chapter/Issue: 
۳۱
Page Number: 
٤۵۱-۸۰۸