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Salicornia bigelovii: a promising halophytic species for salinized coastal regions

Globally, soil salinity constitutes a growing problem that contributes to land degradation with approximately 7% of the earth's land surface having salt-affected soils.‎ The process of increasing the concentration of total dissolved salts in soil and water is known as salinization.‎ It can be caused either by natural processes such as mineral weathering and gradual seawater intrusion or by artificial processes such as irrigation.‎ On a global scale, it has been estimated that every minute 3 ha of currently arable land becomes unproductive due to safinization.‎ It has been quantified that about 100 mha of land have become saline due to poor irrigation management which equals to approximately 11% of irrigated areas worldwide.‎ Soil salinization has severely affected the agricultural production in over half of the world's countries.‎ Countries which are characterized by disproportionately high areas of saline land are Australia, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Thailand, and several countries in Central Asia.‎

Authors: 
Lyra, D, Ismail, S, Butt, K
Year: 
۲۰۱٤
Publication type: 
Scientific Paper
Publication Source: 
Biosalinity News
Volume/Chapter/Issue: 
۱۵
Page Number: 
٦-۷