The future of food security is a crucial global challenge. One of the most promising crops towards future food and nutrition security is quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa). Originating in South America, quinoa was highly revered by the ancient Andean civilization, but it was not until the 1970s when quinoa began to be introduced to the rest of the world that we began to understand how special this plant is. In addition to having a very high nutritional value, quinoa is highly resilient and it thrives where other crops no longer yield. It grows in altitudes as high as 4,500 m above sea level, withstands wide ranges of daily temperatures, produces with as little as 300 mm of rainwater per year and yields in short timeframes. Most importantly, quinoa not only endures salinity but also some quinoa ecotypes prosper in saline soils. There are more than 3,000 quinoa ecotypes whose potential and nutritional value has not been explored outside the Andes.
Identify high-yielding and nutritionally balanced quinoa varieties with good local adaptation to marginal environments and high levels of salinity tolerance. Develop the best-performing and stress-tolerant varieties for commercial production.