Analysis of Spatiotemporal Dynamics of Land Use/Cover Changes in Jubek State, South Sudan
The Republic of South Sudan lacks adequate data to support decision-makers in planning. Therefore, a land use land cover (LULC) study was conducted in Jubek State for 17 years (2000–2017). It was divided into three time intervals, using remote sensing (RS), geographic information system (GIS), Landsat TM, Landsat ETM+, and Landsat 8 OLI approaches. A transition matrix for the total change was developed to generate spatiotemporal and quantitative indicators to analyze LULC spatiotemporal dynamics for better developmental decisions. Overall accuracy assessment results were 97.41% (kappa 0.96), 90.45% (kappa 0.85), and 91.5% (kappa 0.89) for years 2000, 2009, and 2017, respectively. Furthermore, quantitative and spatiotemporal results show that built up areas drastically increase, especially from 2009 to 2017. The most dominant class in the study area was grassland, 9929.9 km2 (54.22%), followed by forest, 5555 km2 (30.33%), barren land, 2497.3 km2 (13.64%), built up areas, 166.7 km2 (0.9%), farmland, 128.31 km2 (0.71%), and water bodies, 35.91 km2 (0.96%). The outcomes of the analysis show that since 1955 Jubek State (Juba) has been the preferable place for the local citizens’ settlement in South Sudan. Unfortunately, agricultural production was insufficient due to the limited cultivated area; on the other hand, the study area is rich in natural resources and could meet local people’s demand if a proper strategy such as LULC transformation is well implemented.